June 18, 2021 2 min read 5 Comments
The technological development of submarines has various similarities with what would have affected airplanes much later. The first theoretical studies on the construction of a submarine were carried out by Leonardo da Vinci around 1500, although his theories never resulted in a working prototype.
In 1680, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli in his work De motu animalium illustrated the possibility of building a vehicle that, for the first time, could explore the sea depths. On the construction of a first submarine, the historical sources are divided and therefore cannot be considered reliable.
During its millenary history, Venice also played a leading role in the construction of submarines.
Grew up among the lagoons overlooking the Adriatic, and always turned to trade with the eastern Mediterranean, Venice based its commercial strength and military security on the power of its fleet, which, at the end of the Middle Ages, became so powerful as to face the forces of immense Ottoman Empire.
From a technological point of view, Venice reached its peak in the early 1700s, both in the design of the hulls and in the armament. This activity continued until the twentieth century.
In fact, between 1911 and 1913, Nereide, the first Italian submarine used on a mission during the First World War, was built in Venice on commission from the engineer De Bernardis. It boasted unprecedented proportions for the time: it was 134 feet 4 inches long and could reach a maximum of 13.2 knots on the surface and 8 knots underwater.
In order to commemorate the ingenuity and pioneering spirit that have distinguished the Venetians for over 1600 years, this name was chosen, Nereide.
Equipped with an atmospheric resistance that reaches 200 meters, this model stands out within the Meccaniche Veneziane collection for its vocation in the world of diving.
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